BEYOND THE PLEASURE PRINCIPLE
Pierre Marie, Marc Masson,Yves Sarfati
Our knowledge of the context in which we wrote "Beyond the pleasure principle " is utterly lost today. We are in 1919, months after the First World War, and especially during the Spanish Flu pandemic of 1919, which has killed 10 times as many people as the war, and of which Sophie, the second daughter of Freud, died on January 25, 1920, and Ernst's mother, whose real game (Fort/Da) opens Freud's text.
However, this pandemic is not discussed in the elaboration of ‘Beyond…’, because to Freud, it represents a brutal necessity (the Akanké of the Greeks which cannot be must not be)" and to his son-in-law, Sophie's husband, a "nonsense and brutal cut of destiny for which we have neither to accuse nor to dig our brains, but only to bend our heads.".
There is always a real pandemic that arises when it arises, which can only be controlled by natural or artificial vaccination, knowing that it will take away those of us who are vulnerable.